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Heroes of the Sky



The Planes: 1917 Curtiss JN 4-D "Canuck" Biplane

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Length: 27' 4"
Wingspan: 43' 7"
Weight (empty): 1,530 lbs.

Construction Materials: Wood (ash and spruce), fabric, braced with wire
Builder: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd., Toronto, Canada
Cost: $7,625
Number Built: 2,900
Engine Type: Curtiss OX-5, 8-cylinder, 90-horsepower, vee-type, water-cooled internal combustion engine
Engine Builder: Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company, Buffalo, New York
Configuration: 2-pilot/passenger tractor biplane
Maximum Speed: 80 m.p.h.

This type of plane is known as a “Canuck” because it was built in Canada. The same plane, built in the U.S., was known as a “Jenny,” slang for the “JN” in the name.



the planes   make a paper airplane  
Teachers, get lesson plans and see the curriculum ties to the Heroes of the Sky.
See the planes on exhibit, check out the specifications and get a sneak peak in a few cockpits. Try one of these high- flying designs at home!


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The Henry Ford is an AAM accredited institution. The complex is an independent, non-profit, educational
institution not affiliated with the Ford Motor Company or the Ford Foundation.