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Heroes of the Sky



The Planes: 1915 Laird Biplane

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Length: 19' 5";
Wingspan: 25' 4";
Weight (empty): 600 lbs.

Construction Materials:
Wood (plywood, ash and spruce), fabric, braced with wire
Builder: Emil “Matty” Laird, Chicago, Illinois
Cost: Unknown
Number Built: 1
Engine Type: Anzani, 6-cylinder, 45-horsepower, radial, air-cooled internal combustion engine
Engine Builder: Anzani Engine Company, Courbevoie, France
Configuration: 1-pilot/1-passenger tractor biplane
Maximum Speed: 65-70 m.p.h.

Matty Laird, a young airplane designer, built this plane when he was not yet 21 years old. He dubbed it “the Boneshaker.”




the planes   make a paper airplane  
Teachers, get lesson plans and see the curriculum ties to the Heroes of the Sky.
See the planes on exhibit, check out the specifications and get a sneak peak in a few cockpits. Try one of these high- flying designs at home!


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The Henry Ford is an AAM accredited institution. The complex is an independent, non-profit, educational
institution not affiliated with the Ford Motor Company or the Ford Foundation.