1900-1948
                           
Civil Rights Movement “The problem of the twentieth century is the problem of the color- line,” predicts Negro intellectual W. E. B. Du Bois in The Souls of Black Folk National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) founded                 Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) formed           President Harry Truman orders the desegregation of U.S. military forces  
  1903 1909 February 4, 1913 1915 1918 1924 Dec. 1932 1931-33 1933 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 c. 1947 1948
Rosa Parks     Rosa Louise McCauley born in Tuskegee, Alabama, the daughter of a carpenter and a schoolteacher Baptized in the African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church
Moves with her mother and younger brother to her grandparents’ farm in Pine Level, Alabama
Begins attending segregated elementary school in Pine Level Enrolls in the Montgomery Industrial School, a private school run by Northern liberal white women, popularly known as “Miss White’s Industrial School for Girls” Marries Raymond Parks, a barber, in Pine Level, Alabama Raymond is active in the National Committee to Defend the Scottsboro Boys, eight black youths unjustly convicted of raping two white women Receives high school diploma and attends Alabama State College in Montgomery Works as a secretary at Maxwell Air Force Base in Montgomery, an integrated federal facility; rides on integrated buses on the base   Is denied the right to register to vote
Is put off a city bus for refusing to enter by the back door
Becomes secretary of the Montgomery NAACP
Is denied the right to vote for a second time Successfully registers to vote at last Attends a NAACP leadership training seminar in Jacksonville, Florida Begins working as a seamstress in a local tailoring shop Makes a speech before the Alabama NAACP convention and is elected secretary of the state convention  

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Copyright © 2002 The Henry Ford