United States Population in 1850

State


Free People of
Color Population:


Enslaved
Population:


White
Population:


WHITE POPULATION IN FREE STATES
California 91,635 New Hampshire 317,456
Connecticut 363,099 New York 3,048,325
Illinois 846,034 New Jersey 465,509
Indiana 977,154 Ohio 1,955,050
Iowa 191,881 Pennsylvania 2,258,160
Maine 581,813 Rhode Island 148,875
Massachusetts 985,450 Vermont 313,402
Michigan 395,071 Wisconsin 304,756
Total 13,243,670
FREE PEOPLE OF COLOR IN FREE STATES
California 962 New Hampshire 520
Connecticut 7,693 New York 49,069
Illinois 5,438 New Jersey 23,810
Indiana 11,262 Ohio 25,279
Iowa 333 Pennsylvania 53,626
Maine 1,356 Rhode Island 3,670
Massachusetts 9,064 Vermont 718
Michigan 2,583 Wisconsin 635
Total 196,016
WHITE POPULATION IN SLAVE STATES
Alabama 426,514 Arkansas 162,189
District of Columbia 37,941 Delaware 71,169
Georgia 521,572 Florida 47,208
Kentucky 761,413 Louisiana 255,491
Maryland 417,943 Mississippi 225,718
Missouri 522,004 North Carolina 553,028
South Carolina 274,568 Tennessee 756,836
Texas 154,034 Virginia 894,800
Total 6,260,359
FREE PEOPLE OF COLOR IN SLAVE STATES
Alabama 2,265 Arkansas 608
District of Columbia 10,059 Delaware 18,733
Georgia 2,932 Florida 932
Kentucky 10,011 Louisiana 17,462
Maryland 74,723 Mississippi 930
Missouri 2,618 North Carolina 27,463
South Carolina 8,960 Tennessee 8,422
Texas 397 Virginia 54,333
Total 238,1887
ENSLAVED POPULATION
Alabama 342,844 Arkansas 47,100
District of Columbia 3,687 Delaware 3,200
Georgia 381,682 Florida 39,310
Kentucky 210,981 Louisiana 244,809
Maryland 90,368 Mississippi 309,878
Missouri 87,422 North Carolina 288,548
South Carolina 384,984 Tennessee 239,459
Texas 58,181 Virginia 472,528
Total 3,204,313


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