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* 1790-1799 1810-1819 *


The new city of Washington, D.C. becomes the United States capital.

Free African Americans in Philadelphia unsuccessfully petition the United States Congress to end enslavement.

A Philadelphia shoemaker is the first to design shoes especially for the right and left feet.


Mastodon fossils are discovered on a New York farm, the first skeletons ever found of the extinct mammal.
Gideon Putnam builds a resort hotel, one of the earliest in America, at Saratoga Springs, New York.
The United States more than doubles its size after buying over 820,000 square miles of land, known as the Louisiana Purchase, from the French government.


Merriwether Lewis and William Clark begin their exploration of the vast Northwest territory, traveling from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean.
A covered bridge, America's first, is built over the Schuylkill River near Philadelphia.


Zebulon Pike explores the territory that later became the American southwest, discovering Pike's Peak, the famous Colorado mountain named for him.

Congress authorizes improvements to the Natchez Trace, a Native American trail running from Nashville, Tennessee to Natchez, Mississippi, turning it into a road for American settlers.


Robert Fulton's steamboat, the Clermont, makes its first run from New York City to Albany in 32 hours, traveling at the top speed of 5 mph.
The United States prohibits the importation of Africans for enslavement.
William Maclure publishes the first detailed geological survey of the United States.

* 1790-1799 1810-1819 *

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