Glossary of Terms
annealing furnace — process of heat treating metal to get desired properties of softness and ductility (easily formed in to a new shape). For example: heating and slow cooling of a piece of iron.
blast furnace — a furnace for smelting of iron from iron oxide ores; combustion is intensified by a blast of air
coke oven — an oven for the conversion of coal into coke by heating the coal in the absence of air so as to distill the volatile ingredients.
compost — a mixture of decayed plants and other organic matter used by gardeners for enriching soil
contraction — reduction in size: a shrinking or reducing
decentralization — to move the control of an organization or government from a single place to several smaller ones
dolomite — a light colored mineral consisting of calcium magnesium carbonate; a source of magnesium; used as a ceramic and as fertilizer
efficiency studies — method in management theory which determines, after careful study of an individual at work, changes to improve productivity.
expansion — an increase, or the amount by which something increases, in size, extent, or scope
flexible manufacturing — a manufacturing system in which there is some amount of flexibility allows the system to react in the case of changes, whether predicted or unpredicted.
foundry — factory where metal castings are produced
insulate — protect from heat, cold, noise, etc. by surrounding with insulating material
marshland low — lying wet land with grassy vegetation; usually is a transition zone between land and water
membrane — a thin, pliable, and often porous sheet of any natural or artificial material
peat — a compacted deposit of partially decomposed organic debris, usually saturated with water
phytoremediation — the process of decontaminating soil by using plants to absorb heavy metals or other pollutants
porous — able to absorb fluids
shale — a dark fine-grained sedimentary rock composed of layers of compressed clay, silt, or mud
solar driven — to use the energy and light of the sun
stamping plant — a place where a sheet metal part is formed or shaped by pressing rolled sheet metal between metal dies (hardened metal blocks).
thermal water storage — tank designed to retain heat
wetlands — a low-lying area of land that is saturated with moisture. Marshes, swamps, and bogs are examples of wetlands.