Raymond Loewy Collection

Biographical / Historical Note

Raymond Loewy (1893-1986) began his career in industrial design in 1929, when he designed the case that surrounded the Gestetner duplicator machine. Loewy is also credited with originating the term streamlining, which he defined as "beauty through

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Raymond Loewy (1893-1986) began his career in industrial design in 1929, when he designed the case that surrounded the Gestetner duplicator machine. Loewy is also credited with originating the term streamlining, which he defined as "beauty through function and simplification." Throughout his working years, Loewy created designs ranging from postage stamps and cigarette packages to refrigerators, Studebaker automobiles, and spacecraft components. Additionally, he designed logos for corporations and organizations, including Shell International, Exxon, and the United States Postal Service. From 1963 to 1973, Loewy was retained by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to be a habitability consultant for their Saturn-Apollo and Skylab projects.

Among Loewy’s automobile design projects was the 1957 Cornell-Liberty Safety Car. A joint endeavor between Cornell Aeronautical Labs and the Liberty Mutual Insurance Company, this concept car featured innovative safety features including seat belts, head rests, and padded interiors, some of which can be found in modern automobiles. The Cornell-Liberty Safety Car is in the collection of The Henry Ford, and can be seen in the "Driving America" exhibit.

Over the years, Raymond Loewy founded three companies with a focus on industrial design: Raymond Loewy and Associates, New York; Raymond Loewy International, London; and Compagnie de l'Esthetique Industrielle, Paris. With his partner William Snaith, they also worked on retail store design, with customers such as Saks Fifth Avenue, J.L. Hudson, and Macy's.

Biographical note adapted from the following sources:
-"The Father of Industrial Design Raymond Loewy," accessed on 11 July 2016 at http://www.raymondloewy.com/about/html
-"1957 Cornell-Liberty Safety Car," accessed on 11 July 2016 at https://www.thehenryford.org/collections-and-research/digital-collections/artifact/139983

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Scope and Content Note

The Raymond Loewy Collection, 1956-1974 (2.95 cubic ft.), contains reports and drawings related to the industrial designer’s work on space transportation systems for NASA, and designs for the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car.

The bulk of the material...

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The Raymond Loewy Collection, 1956-1974 (2.95 cubic ft.), contains reports and drawings related to the industrial designer’s work on space transportation systems for NASA, and designs for the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car.

The bulk of the material (2.00 cubic ft.) consists primarily of studies and reports created by Raymond Loewy / William Snaith, Inc. for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) regarding the habitability of the Skylab orbiting space station and a space shuttle orbiter vehicle.

Drawings and sketches compose the second portion of the collection (0.95 cubic ft.). Of special note are the 12 drawings related to the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car from 1957, which is part of the collections of The Henry Ford.

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Collection Details

Object ID: 2001.74.1
Creator: Loewy, Raymond, 1893-1986 
Inclusive Dates: 1956-1974
Size: 2.95 cubic ft. (3 boxes, 1 oversize folder)
Language: English

Collection Access & Use

Item Location: Not Currently On Exhibit

Access Restrictions: The collection is open for research.

Credit: From the Collections of The Henry Ford.

Digitized Artifacts From This Collection

In many cases, not all artifacts have been digitized.
Contact us for more information about this collection.

Cutaway Sketch of Seating Positions in the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

  Details

Cutaway Sketch of Seating Positions in the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

View in our Collectionson thehenryford.org 

Artifact

Design drawing

Date Made

circa 1956

Object ID

2001.74.1.11

Credit

From the Collections of The Henry Ford.

Location

By Request in the Benson Ford Research Center

Related Objects

Get more details in Digital Collections at:

thehenryford.org

Cutaway Sketch of Seating Positions in the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

View in our Collectionson thehenryford.org 

What is The Henry Ford?

The national attraction for discovering your ingenuity while exploring America’s spirit of innovation. There is always much to see and do at The Henry Ford.

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  Details

Line Drawing for the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

  Details

Line Drawing for the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

View in our Collectionson thehenryford.org 

Artifact

Design drawing

Date Made

1957

Object ID

2001.74.1.8

Credit

From the Collections of The Henry Ford.

Location

By Request in the Benson Ford Research Center

Related Objects

Get more details in Digital Collections at:

thehenryford.org

Line Drawing for the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

View in our Collectionson thehenryford.org 

What is The Henry Ford?

The national attraction for discovering your ingenuity while exploring America’s spirit of innovation. There is always much to see and do at The Henry Ford.

VIEW CALENDAR

  Details

Overhead Sketch of Roof Pillars for the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

  Details

Overhead Sketch of Roof Pillars for the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

View in our Collectionson thehenryford.org 

Artifact

Photographic print

Date Made

circa 1956

Object ID

2001.74.1.12

Credit

From the Collections of The Henry Ford.

Location

By Request in the Benson Ford Research Center

Related Objects

Get more details in Digital Collections at:

thehenryford.org

Overhead Sketch of Roof Pillars for the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

View in our Collectionson thehenryford.org 

What is The Henry Ford?

The national attraction for discovering your ingenuity while exploring America’s spirit of innovation. There is always much to see and do at The Henry Ford.

VIEW CALENDAR

  Details

Report, "Habitability Study, Earth Orbital Space Stations, Prepared for NASA," 1968

  Details

Report, "Habitability Study, Earth Orbital Space Stations, Prepared for NASA," 1968

View in our Collectionson thehenryford.org 

Artifact

Book

Date Made

1968

Object ID

2001.74.1.15

Credit

From the Collections of The Henry Ford.

Location

By Request in the Benson Ford Research Center

Get more details in Digital Collections at:

thehenryford.org

Report, "Habitability Study, Earth Orbital Space Stations, Prepared for NASA," 1968

View in our Collectionson thehenryford.org 

What is The Henry Ford?

The national attraction for discovering your ingenuity while exploring America’s spirit of innovation. There is always much to see and do at The Henry Ford.

VIEW CALENDAR

  Details

Sketch for the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

  Details

Sketch for the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

View in our Collectionson thehenryford.org 

Artifact

Design drawing

Date Made

circa 1956

Object ID

2001.74.1.6

Credit

From the Collections of The Henry Ford.

Location

By Request in the Benson Ford Research Center

Related Objects

Get more details in Digital Collections at:

thehenryford.org

Sketch for the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

View in our Collectionson thehenryford.org 

What is The Henry Ford?

The national attraction for discovering your ingenuity while exploring America’s spirit of innovation. There is always much to see and do at The Henry Ford.

VIEW CALENDAR

  Details

Sketch for the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

  Details

Sketch for the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

View in our Collectionson thehenryford.org 

Artifact

Design drawing

Date Made

1956

Object ID

2001.74.1.1

Credit

From the Collections of The Henry Ford.

Location

By Request in the Benson Ford Research Center

Related Objects

Get more details in Digital Collections at:

thehenryford.org

Sketch for the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

View in our Collectionson thehenryford.org 

What is The Henry Ford?

The national attraction for discovering your ingenuity while exploring America’s spirit of innovation. There is always much to see and do at The Henry Ford.

VIEW CALENDAR

  Details

Sketch for the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

  Details

Sketch for the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

View in our Collectionson thehenryford.org 

Artifact

Design drawing

Date Made

circa 1956

Object ID

2001.74.1.5

Credit

From the Collections of The Henry Ford.

Location

By Request in the Benson Ford Research Center

Related Objects

Get more details in Digital Collections at:

thehenryford.org

Sketch for the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

View in our Collectionson thehenryford.org 

What is The Henry Ford?

The national attraction for discovering your ingenuity while exploring America’s spirit of innovation. There is always much to see and do at The Henry Ford.

VIEW CALENDAR

  Details

Sketch for the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

  Details

Sketch for the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

View in our Collectionson thehenryford.org 

Artifact

Design drawing

Date Made

September 1956

Object ID

2001.74.1.7

Credit

From the Collections of The Henry Ford.

Location

By Request in the Benson Ford Research Center

Related Objects

Get more details in Digital Collections at:

thehenryford.org

Sketch for the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

View in our Collectionson thehenryford.org 

What is The Henry Ford?

The national attraction for discovering your ingenuity while exploring America’s spirit of innovation. There is always much to see and do at The Henry Ford.

VIEW CALENDAR

  Details

Sketch for the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

  Details

Sketch for the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

View in our Collectionson thehenryford.org 

Artifact

Design drawing

Date Made

1956

Object ID

2001.74.1.3

Credit

From the Collections of The Henry Ford.

Location

By Request in the Benson Ford Research Center

Related Objects

Get more details in Digital Collections at:

thehenryford.org

Sketch for the Cornell-Liberty Safety Car, 1956

View in our Collectionson thehenryford.org 

What is The Henry Ford?

The national attraction for discovering your ingenuity while exploring America’s spirit of innovation. There is always much to see and do at The Henry Ford.

VIEW CALENDAR

  Details