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Lincoln Motor Company was born in 1917 out of Henry Leland's patriotic desire to build airplane engines for the allied forces in World War I. After the armistice, Leland and his son Wilfred refashioned Lincoln into a high-end automaker. But a postwar recession forced the Lelands to sell to another father-son duo, Henry and Edsel Ford. Over the next 20 years, Lincoln grew into one of America's most admired luxury marques.
By the beginning of the 20th century, mass production made glass products affordable to Americans, from containers for food products to kitchenware. Decorative glass objects, such as art glass and fancy serving pieces, still had a place in the American home, but glass was increasingly viewed as utilitarian.
Dating from the late 19th century through the early 20th century, art glass is primarily decorative glass. Makers of art glass employed newly-developed technologies for producing vibrant colors and surface textures. This is most famously seen in the iridescent surfaces of Louis Comfort Tiffany and his contemporaries, although art glass took many shapes and forms.
With a rapidly growing population in the early 19th century, American glassmakers experimented with new methods to supply an eager market. In the 1820s, pressing molten glass into metal molds by machine was perfected. By the 1830s, American manufacturers produced enough pressed glass tableware to export abroad. This technical innovation made America the leader in glass production.
The earliest glass in America was imported from the British Isles. Immigrants from mainland Europe brought their own traditions, establishing the first American glass factories. These entrepreneurs hoped to make money producing glass for household needs and window glass, but most failed due to foreign competition.