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23 artifacts in this set
Charles Eldad Spaulding's work as a cheese-box maker in Theresa, New York, influenced his design for a circular revolving beehive. His invention, patented in 1869, was not successful -- though this one is visually appealing with its hand-painted scrollwork and colorful scenes. Instead, rectangular beehives with removable frames in a bee-friendly space were becoming the standard for the growing commercial beekeeping industry.
"McGuffey's New Second Eclectic Reader," Originally Published in 1885, Reprinted by Henry Ford, 1930
Henry Ford remembered fondly the McGuffey Readers he studied in the one-room schools of his youth. He even had them reprinted in 1930, so that students in his Edison Institute Schools could learn from them as well. Ford -- having looked up some of his childhood classmates -- gave this reprinted Reader to Olive Burdeno, who had attended school with Ford in the 1870s.
Spinning frames spin cotton fiber into yarn and then wind it onto a bobbin. This throstle spinning frame could simultaneously spin 64 strands of yarn. (Throstle -- an old name for a song thrush -- refers to the bird-like sounds the machine made.) Machines like this helped produce the large quantities of yarn that growing industrial weaving operations needed in the early and mid-1800s.
Lincoln Continental Stretch Limousine, Used by Various Dignitaries in New York City and Chicago, 1964-1965
Ford Motor Company and coachbuilder Lehmann-Peterson stretched and modified this 1964 Lincoln Continental for Pope Paul VI to use on his 1965 visit to New York City. The removable roof panel allowed the Pontiff to stand and wave to crowds, while step plates and handrails accommodated security personnel. Later, the limousine served as an official parade car in Chicago.
Promotional freebies and extravagant prizes have been fixtures at auto shows from the beginning -- and remain so today. Cincinnati-based advertising company Kemper-Thomas produced wheel covers promoting Milwaukee's auto show in the 1930s. At the show itself, eight Plymouth automobiles were raffled off to attendees over the course of its run.
"Falcon" brand propellers were sold by the Jamestown Propeller Company of Jamestown, New York, circa 1918-1919. The company marketed its propellers under a government contract during World War I. Jamestown was a center of wooden furniture and mantle production, and had the skilled workforce necessary to produce complex hand-carved propellers.
In 1913, the Michigan Central Railroad moved its Detroit operations to a new facility on the city's west side. The $2.5 million complex included a grand Beaux-Arts station, inspired by ancient Roman baths, and an adjoining 18-story office tower. Following World War II, the station's fortunes declined in tandem with those of passenger trains. It hosted its last train in 1988.
South Africa native Desire Wilson moved to Great Britain in 1978 and competed in Formula One. Her victory at the British Aurora Championship at Brands Hatch in 1980 -- where she led from start to finish -- made her the first woman to win an F1 race of any kind. Wilson's helmet design was a nod to her nickname, the "African Queen."