1901 Columbia Victoria

Summary

Early automobiles, even electric powered ones like this 1901 Columbia, looked like carriages. Batteries located over the front and rear axles powered this victoria. The carriage had a 20-to-30 mile range between charges. The owner, Washington Post publisher John McLean, rode in the covered center, while his chauffer steered from behind.

Early automobiles, even electric powered ones like this 1901 Columbia, looked like carriages. Batteries located over the front and rear axles powered this victoria. The carriage had a 20-to-30 mile range between charges. The owner, Washington Post publisher John McLean, rode in the covered center, while his chauffer steered from behind.

Artifact

Automobile

Date Made

1901

Driving America
 On Exhibit

at Henry Ford Museum in Driving America

Object ID

31.282.1

Credit

From the Collections of The Henry Ford. Gift of Edward B. McLean.

Material

Metal
Wood (Plant material)
Leather

Color

Dark green
Olive green
Black (Color)

Dimensions

Height: 84 in

Width: 64.5 in

Length: 133.25 in

Inscriptions

Front hubs: MADE BY COLUMBIA & ELECTRIC VEHICLE CO. / FOR / ELECTRIC / VEHICLE CO. / NEW YORK On right motor: No. 107816

Specifications

Make & Model: 1901 Columbia victoria

Maker: Electric Vehicle Company, Hartford, Connecticut

Motor: 80-volt DC

Transmission: none

Height: 84 inches

Wheelbase: 86 inches

Width: 64.5 inches

Overall length: 133.5 inches

Weight: 3250 pounds

Horsepower: 6 at 1620 revolutions per minute

Pounds per horsepower: 541.7

Price: $3,500

Average 1901 wage: $454 per year

Time you'd work to buy this car: about 7 years, 9 months

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