Past Forward

Activating The Henry Ford Archive of Innovation

Engines Exposed: 1919 Ford Model T

February 6, 2015

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1919 Ford Model T

Inline 4-cylinder engine, L-head valves, 177 cubic inches displacement, 20 horsepower.

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Mechanical simplicity was one of the secrets behind the Model T’s success. The engine has no fuel pump, relying on gravity to feed the carburetor. There is no water pump either, as a thermosyphon effect was used to circulate cooling water. The cylinder head removes in one piece for easier servicing. Electric start was first available in 1919. The electrical system’s generator is just visible at the front of the engine.

Matt Anderson is Curator of Transportation at The Henry Ford.

Engines Exposed

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